Did you know? A coffee bean is actually a seed before it is dried, roasted and ground into the coffee we all know and love. If the seed isn’t processed it can be used to grow another coffee tree to make even more coffee!! Though you must take care when growing coffee plants as they require frequent watering and shade and be wary of bright sunlight until they are strong enough to be permanently planted.
The Process Begins
By now the coffee will have been picked (make sure they are ripe!) but the process must begin as quickly as possible to avoid them being spoilt. The process for this can take place in one of two ways;
The Dry Method. This is the traditional tried and tested and is used in many countries where water sources are limited. The freshly picked coffee berries are spread out on a huge surface to dry out in the sun. To make sure they are not ruined, supervision of the berries must take place where they are raked and turned throughout the day and then covered over at night. This process is ongoing and may continue for many weeks until the berries are ready and almost all the moisture is removed.
The Wet Method. This is where the pulp from the coffee berry is completely removed after they are picked with only the skin left on known as the Parchment. The Coffee berries are passed through a machine, divided by weight in a water channel and where rotating drums divide them into various sizes. Once complete the berries are then passed into fermentation tanks where they will remain here from anywhere between 12 & 48 hours to remove unwanted layers from the berry. After this process, the beans are now ready to be dried.